Difference between revisions of "Submissions:2019/Getting rid of ''ibid.'': Consolidate and improve citations with Harvard-style referencing, Worldcat, and Citer"

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Revision as of 17:27, 13 September 2019

This submission has been noted and is pending review for WikiConference North America 2019.


Getting rid of ''ibid.'': Consolidate and improve citations with Harvard-style referencing, Worldcat, and Citer


Reliability of Information

Type of session:



Ibid. is an abreviation for ibidem, "in the same place". While it is sometimes used explicitly in Wikipedia, more commonly de facto version, which consists of a full citation followed later by shortened citations consiting of an author(s) name(s) and year of publication. Becuase these are often hand-crafted rather than using citation templates, this often leads to citations that are inconsistent in format and placement, and that fail to link to a source. This is often confusing and not conducive to a good user experience!

This tutorial will go through the steps to effective use Harvard-style referencing through several steps and many examples.

  1. What is Harvard-style referencing and why is it desirable?
  2. Creating the Sources section
  3. Creating complete and useful book citations
    1. Using Worldcat
      1. Obtaining OCLC numbers to locate items in the nearest library (aligning with Wikipedia's 3rd pillar of providing free content)
      2. Finding online versions of books, articles, and theses, where availabe
      3. Obtaining additional parameter information, such as edition, volume, issue, original publication date, publication place, publishers, series, ISBN or ISSN numbers, and etc.
    2. Using Citer to generate reference citation templates, citation templates with ref=harv, and shortened foot note (sfn) templates
      1. Using Citer with URLs, ISBNs, or DOIs
        1. Obstacles with using web.archive.org with Citer
      2. Using Citer with OCLC numbers
    3. Handcrafting special citation templates or altering citation templates generated by Citer
      1. {{cite thesis}}
      2. Correcting templates generated by Citer using a OCLC number
  4. Putting it all together
    1. Placing full citations in the Source section
    2. Using {{sfn}}, {{harbnb}}, {{harv}} in general

Academic Peer Review option:


Author name:

Raymond Leonard

E-mail address:


Wikimedia username:


Affiliated organization(s):

Cascadia Wikimedians

Estimated time:

One hour minimum

Preferred room size:

two dozen give or take. I am comfortable with right-sizing the room to the projected attendence.

Special requests:

projector & screen

Have you presented on this topic previously? If yes, where/when?:

I have presented on citations before at Wikiconference NA '15 & '16, but not in depth on Harvard-style referencing

If your submission is not accepted, would you be open to presenting your topic in another part of the program? (e.g. lightning talk or unconference session)

Yes, but I do not think it will be as nearly as effective withou the time