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Revision as of 16:47, 20 October 2018 by Econterms (formatting, blocks of text and images)
Lightning talk presentation to WikiConference North America 2018
- WIkidata can record basic information (not detailed information) about tens of millions of patents, someday. Right now there are only a few hundred.
- We have some basic standards on how to record a patent. We discuss that below. Some things need fixing and new properties.
- The WikiProject Patents page: Wikidata's WikiProject Patents
- Focus: patents from before 1923, because
- they're beyond copyright
- their claims (almost?) never apply any more
- This is relevant to my off-wiki research
Patent elements so far
- A patent item should be an instance of (P31) either patent (Q253623) or U.S. Patent (Q43305660), perhaps both. That property is the one to query (search) that is unique to patents.
- Page title -- one standard form: Patent US-1906-827017, Patent CA-1914-153820 -- different titles are fine too
- Country where filed: Here are three options; freely use any or all. They express slightly different things
- Use issued by (P2378) and identify the office to which the patent was filed -- e.g. US Patent and Trademark Office, Japan Patent office (JPO)
- Or, "applies to jurisdiction" (P1001) and then the Q-id of the government; or, country (P17) and then the Q-id of the national government/country. The country may not still exist.
- Filing date: Formal date of submission of the patent application, and generally speaking the date on which the patent goes into force legally once it's approved
- Grant date: Certification by a government that the patent is accepted, and applies in the jurisdiction.
- Dates might be more complicated with later international treaties
- Applicant(s) -- there's always at least one ; can include company or university or government lab
- Inventors: Zero or more; Might like to mark their order -- some are notable enough for wikidata, others just name strings
- Title: A string in the language of the government where it is filed
- Patent number -- problematically strict but links to google patents
- link to Wikisource if patent document is there
- Link to Q-id or string of Parent patent or child patent ?
- Pointer to URL somewhere with more information, possibly the full text and diagrams -- THERE IS NO ONE PERFECT SITE FOR THIS. Wikidata could be the best site for this, someday.
Possible good outcome from getting patents onto Wikdiata
- We could add patent offices to the Authority Control line, maybe -- like USPTO, or WIPO, and if user clicks can get to a list of patents on Wikidata
- Link together patents transcribed on Wikisource
- Chart patent counts by inventor, country, tech topic; Time lines
- Other insights?
- I will start to upload new patent items using QuickStatements, still just a few
- Here's the QuickStatements: https://tools.wmflabs.org/quickstatements/#/batch
CREATE LAST Len "Patent US-1906-827017" LAST P31 Q253623 LAST P1476 en:"Wing of flying machines" S1246 "US827017" S813 +2018-10-19T00:00:00Z/11 S248 Q3235742
- Any input? How should this be done? What would be useful to you?