From WikiConference North America
Lightning talk presentation to WikiConference North America 2018
- Wikidata can record basic information (not detailed information) about tens of millions of patents, someday. Right now there are only a few hundred.
- Project's goal: set standards for patent data on Wikidata, and make it easy
- The WikiProject Patents page: Wikidata's WikiProject Patents
- Focus: patents from before 1923, because
- They're beyond copyright
- Their claims (almost?) never apply any more
- Patents were shorter and simpler back then
- There are not as many: Fewer than 100K annually worldwide before 1910. The numbers grew exponentially. Now, 3 million a year, on the order of 9,000 a day.
- This is relevant to my off-wiki research, tracking aero technology back then
- There exists a lot of specialized software to manage the most recent patents, which are relevant to industry today
- I've begun a conversation with WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization, the UN unit that manages the more recent treaty's relationships)
Patent data elements
- Instance of (P31) A patent item should be an instance of either patent (Q253623) or U.S. Patent (Q43305660), perhaps both. That property is the one to query (search) that is unique to patents.
- Page title -- one standard form: Patent US-1906-827017, Patent CA-1914-153820 -- different titles are fine too
- Country where filed: Here are three options; freely use any or all. They express slightly different things
- Use issued by (P2378) and identify the office to which the patent was filed -- e.g. US Patent and Trademark Office, Japan Patent office (JPO)
- Or, "applies to jurisdiction" (P1001) and then the Q-id of the government; or, country (P17) and then the Q-id of the national government/country. The country may not still exist.
- Filing date: Formal date of submission of the patent application, and generally speaking the date on which the patent goes into force legally once it's approved
- Grant date: Certification by a government that the patent is accepted, and applies in the jurisdiction. (Might be more complicated with later international treaties.)
- Applicant(s) -- there's always at least one ; can include company or university or government lab
- Inventors: Zero or more; Might like to mark their order for some we have "author name strings", for others Q-ids (same for scientific publications)
- Title: Applicants give a title in the language of t
- Patent number -- inherited from years ago, e.g. US821393 -- works for those on google patents, and automatically links to that source
- PROBLEM: too strict a format ; what to do for the ones that don't fit the format?
- link to Wikisource if patent document is there
- Link to Q-id or string of Parent patent or child patent ?
- Assignee? Important in industrialization
- Pointer to URL with more information, possibly the full text and diagrams -- There is not yet a site and covers the 19th century completely. Wikidata could be the best site for this, someday.
Possible good outcome from getting patents onto Wikdiata
- We could add patent offices to the Authority Control line, maybe -- like USPTO, or WIPO, and if user clicks can get to a list of patents on Wikidata
- Link together patents transcribed on Wikisource
- Chart patent counts by inventor, country, tech topic; Time lines
- Other insights?
- There are a few hundred patents on Wikidata. I will upload more, probably QuickStatements (thanks to Jarekt's help), still just a few
- Here's the QuickStatements: https://tools.wmflabs.org/quickstatements/#/batch
CREATE LAST Len "Patent US-1906-827017" LAST P31 Q253623 LAST P1476 en:"Wing of flying machines" S1246 "US827017" S813 +2018-10-19T00:00:00Z/11 S248 Q3235742
- Any input? How should this be done? What would be useful to you?